讀外刊學英語 | 對抗抑鬱症,也許你只需調整睡眠時間(2)

作者:Gina    發表日期:2018-05-31 06:38:16

微博:@考蟲Vivian老師


備註:單詞後給出()和解釋的單詞,不需要掌握哦; 加 * 的單詞是重點單詞。

Yes, Your Sleep Schedule is Making You Sick(2)

對抗抑鬱症,也許你只需調整睡眠時間(2)

It was clear that his changes in mood weren』t caused by the vacation blues, but by something else. The problem turned out to be a disruption in his circadian rhythm(生物鐘). He didn』t need drugs; he needed the right doses of sleep and sunlight at the right time.

顯然,導致其情緒發生變化的並不是假日憂傷,而是別的什麼因素。原來,他的生物鐘被打亂才是問題所在。他無需用藥;他需要適度的睡眠,還有就是在恰當的時間曬曬太陽。

本段包含詞彙

躁鬱症,是指既有躁狂或輕躁狂發作,又有抑鬱發作的一類心境障礙。它是一種以情感的異常高漲或低落為特徵的精神障礙性疾病,病人常常處於不正常的躁狂激動狀態,或昏睡、或頹廢、抑鬱,情緒跌宕起伏。

*turn out to be 結果是;原來是;證實是

*disruption /dɪs』rʌpʃn/ n.分裂;破裂;毀壞

備註:(blue除了表示藍色的,也可以表示憂鬱的~)


It turns out that that prescription could treat much of what ails(使…苦惱) us.

事實證明,這一處方有助於我們擺脫很多困擾。

*prescription /prɪ’skrɪpʃn/ n.處方;藥方;對策

(拓展:prescribe /prɪ’skraɪb/ v.開處方;規定 )

Clinicians have long known that there is a strong link between sleep, sunlight and mood. Problems sleeping are often a warning sign or a cause of impending(即將發生的;迫在眉睫的)depression, and can make people with bipolar disorder manic. Some 15 years ago, Dr. Francesco Benedetti, a psychiatrist in Milan, and colleagues noticed that hospitalized(住院的) bipolar patients who were assigned to rooms with views of the east were discharged earlier than those with rooms facing the west — presumably because the early morning light had an antidepressant effect.

臨床醫生早就知道,睡眠、陽光和心情之間有着很強的關聯度。睡眠出問題常常是抑鬱症即將發作的一個警告信號或原因,會讓患有躁鬱症的人處於躁狂狀態。大約15年前,米蘭的精神科醫生弗朗西斯科·貝內德蒂(Francesco Benedetti)博士及其同事注意到,在入院治療的躁鬱症患者中,被分派住進東向房間的那些人,會比住進西向房間的人早出院——很可能是因為清晨的陽光有抗抑鬱作用。

clinician /klɪ』nɪʃn/ n.臨床醫生

*disorder /dɪs』ɔːdə(r)/ n.混亂;不適;失調

*colleague /『kɒliːɡ/ n.同事

*assign /ə’saɪn/ v.分配;指派

*discharge /disˈtʃɑ:dʒ/ v.釋放;出院;卸貨

*presumably /prɪ』zjuːməbli/ adv.大概;據推測;可能

—to be continued...


本文來源:http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?src=11×tamp=1527719522&ver=909&signature=JigP5fDaH24-91VbtQh0afEnCttutPfdHLilBag0EYPz6pYgComcGdRrApUc4fuIappaX1GvcLSABy4Beke4eKhb0qcW0ETrNSIfQlRr*nJIioWw8VWSeqaK*D0wKjiM&new=1

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轉載請註明:Gina 2018-05-31 06:38:16 於 Liberty-熱點資訊 發表

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